tisdag, augusti 10, 2010


"Statare" were married agricultural laborers in Sweden who received payment primarily in kind of a landowner ( cartridge). The system existed mainly in the south of Sweden and reached its maximum extent in the late 19th century. Thereafter the system gradually declined until it was formally abolished in 1945.

"Statarna", mostly in large farms in southern Sweden and was employed as a rule for one-year contract. During the last week of October, the so-called "slender weeks", it was possible for "statarna" to move and seek employment in other goods. It was common for "statarfamilys" moved often.
These agricultural laborers were generally viewed as being on the lowest rungs of Swedish society. Their lives were described by prominent Swedish novelists and writers such as Ivar Lo-Johansson, Jan Fridegård and Moa Martinson.




Södermanland, Julita farm, 1910th.
Agricultural workers, milkmaid and barn set men at the barn. The governmental sources who worked on the large estates and mansions, and they got paid for their work. Remuneration consisted mostly of food, shelter and firewood. Before there were dairy milking machines took much time and labor. It was mostly estate-worker women who milked.


To milk the cows were called "the white whip".

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