fredag, november 04, 2011
All Saints Day
All Saints Day and All Souls' Day
All Saints Day is celebrated on the Saturday that falls between October 31 and November 6. Then burn the candles in cemeteries to our relatives' memory. But the practice is only just over half a century old in Sweden. Ancient, however, death cult, cult soul and saint worship at winter-half entrance.
All Saints' Day in the Roman Catholic Church
On November 1, All Saints' Day, the Catholic Church since 700's, celebrated the saint who had their day in the calendar. The day after, on November 2, celebrated All Souls' Day of the dead family members and the night before, on 31 October, was Halloween (All Hallows Even = Halloween).
All Saints have in varying degree retained its importance in the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe.
All Saints' Day was the first day of winter
During Sweden's Catholic Middle Ages, we encounter the first time on All Saints' Day in Vallentuna Calendar 1198th It was counted as second-class weekends, that is, the more important came immediately following Christmas, Easter and Pentecost. That day was significant can also be read in the presence of All Saints' guilds in various places in the country. All Saints' Day role as calendrical fixed point can be seen in medieval laws and it was considered to be the first day of winter.
All Saints' Day holiday, which was removed
In Sweden maintained Saints' Day holiday, which even after the Reformation in the 1500s, despite various attempts to remove it, and despite the fact that the worship of saints is not merged with the new Lutheran doctrine. It was apparently as difficult to get rid of without protest, however, abolished All Souls' Day, November 2. But finally disappeared also All Saints' Day as public holiday in the calendar reform 1772nd
All Saints Day was introduced in 1953
Only later, in the twentieth century, the custom grew with candles on the graves up - inspired by the Catholic Mediterranean countries. And finally reintroduced day of the holiday reform 1953rd The day was called All Saints Day and is celebrated on the first Saturday in November and its importance as a much appreciated break in the darkness just grows and grows. The old All Saints' Day remains November 1.